FIP Diagnosis

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Diagnosis introduction

Once a cat is diagnosed with FIP, the cat usually dies within a few days to weeks. Therefore, a clear diagnosis is essential. However, the diagnosis of FIP is actually very complex and difficult. We need to comprehensively consider the cat's life background, medical history, clinical signs, laboratory examination, antibody titer, etc., so as to evaluate the possibility of FIP, but we can't make final confirmation. At present, pet hospitals do not have a good diagnostic method for feline infectious peritonitis. It mainly depends on laboratory diagnosis (blood routine, blood biochemistry, ascites Biochemistry) and imaging analysis. Among them, albumin, globulin and PCR are particularly important. Although many FIP cats have characteristic CBCS, albumin and globulin levels and a:g, not every cat will fully meet the above parameters, which still needs to be considered in combination with age, origin, clinical signs and physical examination. The results are considered comprehensively. If these common abnormalities are generally consistent with clinical symptoms, it can be reasonably diagnosed as feline infectious peritonitis.

Effusive (wet) FIP diagnosis

Diagnosis

Symptom

Reverse validation

Blood routine examination and biochemical preliminary suspicion is FIP
SAA (serum amyloid test), index greater than 200, high inflammation
PCR test results were positive, basically determined as FIP, highly suspicious
The effusion extracted is yellow and green Neutrophil absolute value, lymphocyte absolute value, ALB decrease, glob increase, a: G ≤ 0.7, TBIL increase, etc.
Anorexia, fatigue and sleepiness
Weight loss and jaundice
High coronavirus titer
Non regenerative anemia
Periodic fever (> 102.5 ℉), and other drugs have no effect
If the cat's clinical symptoms are highly corresponding to FIP symptoms, directly treat it with FIP drugs for about a week to observe whether it gets better. Usually, FIP cats will improve and progress their symptoms within 3 days after FIP drug treatment.

Non-effusive (dry) FIP diagnosis

Diagnosis

Symptom

Reverse validation

Check blood routine and biochemistry, eliminate AIDS and leukemia.
Puncture sampling to exclude suspected tumors
Detect inflammation and exclude Toxoplasma gondii and other parasitic diseases Neutrophil absolute value, lymphocyte absolute value, ALB decrease, glob increase, a: G ≤ 0.7, TBIL increase, etc.
Anorexia, fatigue and sleepiness
Weight loss and jaundice
High coronavirus titer
Non regenerative anemia
Periodic fever (> 102.5 ℉), do not take medicine
Persistent extensive mesenteric lymphadenopathy
Multiple organ inflammatory granuloma
Eye diseases
If the cat's clinical symptoms are highly corresponding to FIP symptoms, directly treat it with FIP drugs for about a week to observe whether it gets better. Usually, FIP cats will improve and progress their symptoms within 3 days after FIP drug treatment.

How to observe whether FIP improves?

No fever, stable temperature
Appetite recovery and rapid weight gain
Wet nose and playful spirit
Anemia is improved and gingival pallor is relieved
Improve jaundice and reduce jaundice symptoms

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